Rome was well endowed with a sophisticated water supply that brought copious water into the city from distant springs and rivers through a system of impressive aqueduct channels. This supply was both a luxury and a strategic necessity for an ancient city with a population that some estimates put close to two million.
THE PRINCIPAL AQUEDUCTS OF THE CITY
Built 312 BC , by consul Appius Claudius. It was 16 km long bringing spring water sourced near Praenestian to the Forum Boaricum.
AQUA ANNIO VETUS:
Built 272 BC, by consul Flaccus. It was 62 km long bringing river water from the Annio, above Tibur.
Built 144 BC, by Praetor Marcius. It was 89 km long bringing water from various springs to reach the Capitoline Hill and adjacent districts
Built 125 BC, by Censors Caepio and Longinus. It was 22 km long bringing water from warm springs in Alban hills.
Built 33 BC, by Augustus’s friend Agrippa. It was 22 km long bringing water from various springs along the Latin Way.
Built 19BC, by Augustus’s friend Agrippa. It was 20 km long bringing spring water along the Collatian Way. It is still running and delivers water to the famous Trevi Fountain (Song – Three coins in a Fountain).
Built 2 BC, by Augustus. It was 32 km long bringing water from Alsetinian Lakes – stagnant water, only suitable for utilitarian use and irrigation.
Built AD 38 -52, by Caligula and finished by Claudius. It was 68 km long bringing spring water from various springs.
AQUA ANNIO NOVUS:
Built AD 38 -52, by Caligula and finished by Claudius. It was 85 km long bringing river water from the Annio, above Tibur.
Built AD 109, by Trajan. Records – lost.
Built AD 226, by Alexander Severus – constructed specifically to bring water to his public baths. Records now lost > > MORE ON ROMAN AQUEDUCTS
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